FAQ on Dispute Resolution in Cyprus

1.What are the most common ways for dispute resolution in Cyprus?

Litigation is in Cyprus still the most common dispute resolution method. However, arbitration is also increasingly popular. Alternative dispute resolution is not as common in Cyprus as in certain other countries.

2. What are the different type of Courts in Cyprus?

The Supreme Court and the subordinate Courts. There are five types of subordinate Courts:

a) The District Courts which handle probably the majority of the cases.

b) The Family Courts which handle cases relating to divorce, custody matters, etc.

c) The Rent Control Courts which manage cases relating to disputes over matters such as unpaid rent.

d) The Labour Courts which deal with Employment Law matters.

e) The Assize Courts which have jurisdiction over criminal cases.

3. How long do civil claims normally last for in Court?

If a claim is not defended, the claimant can often obtain a Court judgment within a few weeks or a few months. If the claim is defended and goes all the way to a trial it can take several years.

4. Is a ‘class action’ possible in Cyprus?

Yes. Class action is allowed according to the Civil Procedure Rules but  it is very rare in Cyprus.

5. Is an appeal of a Court Judgment possible?

Yes. An appeal against a final Judgment can be brought within 42 days.

6. I got a Court Judgment. How do I actually enforce it so I can recover the award according to the Court Judgment?

There are several ways to enforce a Court Judgment although sometimes it is not possible. The following are the most common ways to enforce a Court Judgment:

  • garnishee proceedings whereby a third party that owes money to the judgment debtor is ordered by Court to pay this money to the judgment  creditor;
  • writ of execution for the sale of moveables;
  • registration of a charging order over the immovable property of the judgment debtor;
  • writ of delivery of goods whereby the judgment debtor is ordered to deliver these goods to the judgment creditor;
  • writ of possession of land ordering that land to be delivered to the judgment creditor;
  • bankruptcy or liquidation proceedings.