Separation, divorce, illness or outliving a spouse results in many women struggling financially in retirement. Don’t rely on your partner to support you in retirement, start planning now for your own retirement with these 6 essential tips.
Case study: Judy
Meet Judy. She was married to Steve for 15 years. They have two children and, like many women, Judy stopped working for a couple of years to look after the children when they were young, subsequently returning to work part-time at a lower level than before she had children. Five years ago, Steve had the opportunity to work in Hong Kong for several years, so Judy gave up her job to move there with him and the children.
Then, without warning, Steve announced that he wanted a divorce, which forced Judy to reassess her financial situation.
Like many women Judy has not been contributing to a pension scheme on a full-time basis for much of her working life, because of several career breaks to look after her children and support her husband in his career. She had always relied on Steve to sort out the family’s finances with minimum discussion.
The sudden break-up of her marriage forced Judy to re-examine her financial situation. It was a shock to realise that she had never really sat down and sensibly planned for her retirement, relying entirely on Steve for their retirement plans. She had no idea how much money she had, nor how much she would need to put aside to enjoy the lifestyle she desired when the time came to retire – and she had no idea where to start…
Judy’s situation is actually very common and it highlights several things women need to think about –sooner rather than in crisis mode.
Women have smaller pensions…
Numerous statistics show that women still earn less, on average, than men. For many this is the result of taking career breaks to bring up children or care for elderly relatives. When they do rejoin the workforce, women are often forced to take lower-paid jobs. As a result, their pension pots are smaller – some estimate a gender pension gap of up to 40%.
… Yet they live longer
It is well known that women have a longer life expectancy than men and so in reality they often end up trying to manage for longer on a much smaller pension pot than men.
In many instances, and especially in an expat environment, women rely financially on their spouses …
Historically, for many couples, the husband is the main breadwinner in the family, while the wife often juggles a part-time job with family duties, or chooses to look after the family full-time. Although times are changing in this respect, many women do still find themselves in a situation where they are not financially independent and this financial reliance on their partner often continues into retirement.
…But what if something unexpected happens?
There’s every chance you may enjoy a long and happy retirement with your partner. But what if you don’t? Separation, divorce, illness or outliving your spouse could all mean that you end up struggling financially, without a proper plan in place.
Don’t get caught out! Start planning for your retirement now with these 6 essential tips:
1. Become financially independent
Don’t just rely on your spouse to sort out your finances. Start taking an interest in your savings and pensions and responsibility for your future now. As you learn more you will become more confident and financially independent – it’s not as complicated or terrifying as you think!
2. Start saving now
It’s never too early to start saving for your retirement. It is recommended that you should save 20% of your income for your retirement. So, start putting money aside each month and, if you don’t already have one, consider starting a private pension. One important piece of advice: each month when you receive your pay cheque, make sure the first payment you make is to yourself – your future retirement fund.
3. Budget and plan for your retirement
Arrange a free consultation with an independent financial adviser. Work out how much you currently spend on essentials and luxuries and how much you are likely to spend when you are retired. Divide expenses into ‘essential’ and ‘if possible’ and don’t forget to include things like potential health care costs. Once you know roughly how much you will spend in your retirement you can work out how big a pension pot you will need and therefore how much you should be saving. You might find you have to cut down on your current spending in order to be able to enjoy the retirement you desire.
4. Determine goals and risk profile
Once you know how much money you will need and how much you have to invest, you can work out your investment goals and your risk profile. How much growth do you want to achieve? How long have you got? Can you afford to take a risk with some of your investments or will you need to start cashing them in soon? At this point it would be prudent to speak to an independent financial adviser – a free consultation now could save you a lot of money in the long run and increase your investment returns. (See the end of this article for a female financial adviser’s contact details.)
5. Invest intelligently
Once you’ve started saving and you know your goal, you need to start investing to grow your pension pot. Again, it would be advisable to speak to an independent financial adviser to get individual and expert guidance on your situation. However, don’t fall into the trap of paying huge charges on your investments.
6. You can no longer rely on the UK government to fund your pension
Governments are freezing pensions and pushing the responsibility to save for pensions onto the individual. If you have a UK pension and are planning on retiring overseas, make sure you understand the rules on transferring your pension abroad before you move or you could end up losing a large chunk of it to tax.
This article is sponsored by Forth Capital.
Make sure you plan for your retirement. Get in touch with Forth Capital Advisor Audrey Flynn today for a free consultation. Call her on +41 22 311 1441 or email firstname.lastname@example.org