The School System
Information on the system of schooling in Argentina, from pre-primary to higher education...
While attendance at school is compulsory in Argentina from the age of five, pre-school education may begin at 45 days old. It is completed when a child turns six years old and is enrolled in primary school.
There are two levels in pre-school:
- Jardín Maternal – from 45 days old to three years old.
- Jardín de Infantes – from three to six years old. The final compulsory year of pre-school prepares a child for entry into the national education system.
Further information on pre-school education is available on the Ministry of Education website: Click here (in Spanish).
Primary education (Educación Primaria Básica - EPB) begins at six years old. It lasts for either six or seven years, depending on the region.
The school year begins in March and parents must contact a school themselves in order to enroll their child. It is advisable to do so well before the start of the school term in March.
A core curriculum is set by the Education Council. It incorporates languages, mathematics, natural sciences, social sciences, technology, art, physical education, and ethics and citizenship. Children who have not achieved the required standards at the end of a school year may have to repeat the year.
For entry into primary education, the following criteria must be met:
- A child must be six years old
- Parents must provide the child's National Identity Document (Documento Nacional de Identidad) or a photocopy of the birth certificate
- The child must have a health booklet (Libreta Sanitaria Materno-Infantil) containing proof of up-to-date vaccinations.
- Any additional documentation requested by the school must be provided by parents
Further information on primary education is available on the Ministry of Education website: Click here (in Spanish).
Secondary education is divided into two parts and spans five or six years, depending on the region. It consists of two cycles:
- Ciclo Básico - from 12 to 14 years old. This is the third cycle of EGB, which is compulsory, and consists of two to three years of study of a general syllabus.
- Ciclo Orientado - from 15 to 17 years old. This is not compulsory and consists of three years of more specialized study. Students can focus their studies on specific fields, such as the humanities and social sciences; natural sciences; communication, art and design; and economics and business studies.
For entry into secondary education, the following documentation must be provided:
- Certificate proving completion of primary education
- National Identity Document (Documento Nacional de Identidad)
- Birth Certificate
- Two passport photographs
- Health booklet (Libreta Sanitaria Materno-Infantil) containing proof of up-to-date vaccinations
Further information on secondary education is available on the Ministry of Education website: Click here (in Spanish).
Further education in Argentina consists of both private and state-run universities and further education institutes. State-run universities are free of charge until graduate level.
- For a comprehensive guide to attending university in Argentina: Click here (in English, Portuguese and Spanish)
- For a list of Argentine universities: Click here (in Spanish)
Validating studies completed abroad
The Department of National Validity of Degrees is in charge of converting and validating studies completed abroad.
For primary and secondary school it is recommended to contact the individual institutions, as they usually have information on academic equivalents.
- Department of National Validity of Degrees
At: Montevideo 950 C.P. 1019
Tel: 0800 222 8683
Fax: (011) 4129-1319