Documents Required when Renting Property in Brazil

Understand the documents required when renting a house or an apartment in Brazil...

When applying for a lease the applicant will have to provide a certain number of documents. The minimum requirements are generally:

  • Photo ID
  • Proof of income
  • Proof of possession of two to three months rent to be used as a deposit
  • CPF or CIE number

A salaried or self-employed person (pessoa física) will need to provide the following:

  • Authenticated copies of the RNE (or RG for Brazilians) and CPF numbers (of both tenants if married)
  • Proof that income is three times that of the monthly rent, or if self-employed the three last bank statements
  • Personal income tax declaration for the current year (Imposto de Renda das Pessoas Físicas - IRPF)

Applicants with a business or who own shares in Brazil (Pessoa Jurídica) will need to provide the following:

  • Deeds of partnership and articles of association related to their company (Contrato Social e Alterações)
  • Business registration number (Cadastro Nacional da Pessoa Jurídica - CNPJ)
  • RNE (or RG for Brazilians) and CPF numbers of the individual or the associate(s)
  • The last six months company invoices
  • Balance of payments for the last two exercises
  • Proof of payment of business tax (Imposto de Renda de Pessoa Jurídica - IRPJ)

The guarantor

A person applying for a rental property may also need a guarantor, who must also present documents for the process to proceed. The guarantor for an individual or self-employed person will need to provide the following:

  • Identity card and CPF numbers (of the couple if married)
  • Proof of residence
  • Copy of the IPTU of their property for the current year
  • Proof of salary (salary must be twice that of the monthly rent). If the guarantor is self-employed they must provide their last three bank statements
  • Proof of payment of their last personal income tax (IRPF)
  • Deed (escritura) of the guarantor’s property listed on the Properties Register (Cartórios de Registro de Imóveis)

Guarantors from States other than the one in which the lease applies to may be required to provide additional documents - the agent or owner will advise.

Many estate agents and landlords request that a company (Pessoa Jurídica) be a guarantor for another company, although this is not required by law. In these cases, the following documents are needed:

  • Deeds of partnership and articles of association related to their company (Contrato Social e Alterações)
  • Identity card and CPF of the associate(s)
  • Business registration number (Cadastro Nacional da Pessoa Jurídica - CNPJ)
  • Invoices from the previous six months
  • Proof of payment of business tax (Imposto de Renda de Pessoa Jurídica - IRPJ)
  • Copy of the IPTU of the property for the current year
  • Deed (escritura) of the guarantor’s property registered with the properties of Sao Paulo register at a Cartórios de Registro de Imóveis

Besides this, the estate agency or the landlord may ask for the lessee to provide proof of no civil or criminal convictions (Certidão negativa de ações cíveis e criminais).