Permanent Residency in Canada
Understand the different options when applying for a permanent visa in Canada...
There are a number of different ways to apply for permanent residency through the Canadian immigration process. For example, it is possible to apply through the following programmes:
Skilled Worker Express Entry
Express Entry covers three economic immigration programmes
Applicants must have:
- Proficient English or French skills
- At least one year's full time employment in the last ten years in one of the qualifying National Occupation Classification (NOC) codes, or have an Arranged Employment offer under the Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulations
There is a limit to the total number of applications accepted each year and an annual limit to the total number of applications per class of NOC code.
- To find out if a person eligible to immigrate to Canada as a skilled worker
- For more information about the National Occupation Codes
To immigrate as a skilled worker to Quebec, a person must satisfy the Quebec Skilled Worker Category. Quebec has a special agreement with the Government of Canada on immigration and its own rules for choosing immigrants.
To apply as a skilled worker in Quebec:
- apply to the Quebec government for a Certificat de sélection du Québec (CSQ)
- apply to Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) to become a permanent resident of Canada.
- For more information on skilled workers in Quebec
More information is available in the Angloinfo Work Permits section.
The Provincial Nominee Programme
Applicants wishing to apply under the provincial nominee programme must be nominated by the Province or Territory where they wish to reside. Applicants must first apply to the province or territory that they wish to nominate them. Applicants are accepted on their ability to make an economic contribution to the area through their experience, skills or knowledge. Each province and territory differs in its requirements for immigration so it is necessary to consult individual provincial immigration programmes for details.
- For more information on the provincial nominee programme
- For information from the various Territories and Provinces
Protected Persons and Convention Refugees
Protected persons or those given refugee status in Canada who wish to remain in Canada permanently may apply for permanent residency under this category. It is not for refugees outside of Canada.
- For details on: applications for permanent residence in Canada for protected persons or convection refugees
Investors, Start-ups and Self-employed
People classed as investors or self-employed may qualify for immigration to Canada under the Canadian Business Immigration Programme. Applications for each class must be made separately as there are different eligibility requirements for each category, as well as immigration caps.
- For information on the Business Immigration Programme
- For information specific to Quebec: Business people
Sponsoring a Person's Family
A Canadian citizen or permanent resident is able to sponsor their immediate family to immigrate to Canada. Immigrants wishing to use this process can only sponsor a family who satisfies immigration criteria known as the 'Family Sponsorship'.
- For details about who is eligible for Family Sponsorship and how to apply
Applying for Permanent Residency
The documents required for permanent resident visa applications depend on which immigration programme is applied for.
For example, when applying for a permanent resident visa through Express Entry category it is necessary to:
- Pay an application fee
- Complete a detailed application process
- Pass a medical examination
- Provide supporting documents in relation to language proficiency, education, work experience and civil status
- Provide police clearance certificates
- Attend interviews with immigration officials
Check individual category application details for specific requirements.
Application times and processing centres
It is usual for applications to immigrate to Canada under the Skilled Workers class to take up to six months.
Applications in Canada are handled by the Case Processing Centres, which are located in Vegreville, Sydney and Mississauga. The centralised intake office in Sydney receives all Skilled Worker Applications.
- To find contact details for: lmmigration, refugee and Citizenship Offices in Canada
- For contact details of Visa offices outside of Canada