Social Security and Welfare Benefits in Denmark

Find out about an individual's obligations and entitlements under Denmark’s social welfare system...

Demark provides a high level of social security and much of the system is funded by taxes and, to a lesser extent, social security contributions. The Danish welfare system includes the following benefits:

  • Health insurance
  • Child allowance
  • Maternity benefit
  • Holiday pay
  • Disability benefits
  • Sickness benefits

Anyone who intends to stay in Denmark for more than three months, or for more than six months if they are EU or Nordic citizens, needs to register at the Civil Registration Office, where they receive a CPR number. It is a legal requirement for all residents of the country to have this number. Registration takes place at the Citizen Service office in the municipality (kommune) of residence. This number is required in order to benefit from healthcare and social security benefits in Denmark.

Social security contributions are deducted from salaries at a rate of eight percent.

Health Insurance

Local authorities are responsible for issuing the national health insurance card (sygesikringskort), which is also called the health card or the yellow card. This card also functions as an identity card and is needed to participate in the health care system. The card states the holder's name, address and personal identification number (CPR), as well as the name and address of the holder's general practitioner (GP). The card also has a telephone number which should be called in order to make an appointment to visit a doctor.

The following documents are needed when applying for a national health insurance card:

  • Residency and work permits
  • Passport
  • Legal proof of an address in Denmark, for example, a rental contract

After an application has been made, it can take up to six weeks to receive a national health insurance card by post.