Children and Young People with Disabilities

Information about the services available to young people with disabilities and their parents, including details on education and extended child benefits...

The Youth Department of the District Office in the disabled person's place of residence offers advice as well as therapeutic and educational support for disabled minors (in special circumstances this may be extended up to the age of 27).

In line with all children, young disabled children are entitled to daycare. Where possible, they may attend a centre with non-disabled children. There are also special groups for children with a higher level of disability. More information on the latter can be obtained from the coordination office of the Child and Youth/Sociopaedeatric Centres (Kinder- und Jugendambulanzen/Sozialpädiatrischen Zentren, SPZ).

Child and Youth Centres generally offer the following services:

  • Diagnostics and advice
  • Sessions of special exercise
  • Ergotherapy
  • Logopaedics (therapy aimed at improving verbal and non-verbal communication)
  • Behavioural therapy
  • Family therapy
  • Parent support

The child must be referred by a family doctor to the Centre in his/her place of residence.

  • For more information on the benefits and support for a family with disabled children: Click here (in German)

Early special schooling for visually disabled, deaf and physically disabled children is also available; some children attend from age three. During compulsory schooling, integration with non-disabled pupils is encouraged, but in cases of more severe disability, each federal state has a range of special schools covering a variety of special needs, from mental and social to physical disorders, at primary and secondary levels. Further information can be obtained from the local educational authority (Schulamt).

Extended child benefit

Parents can claim a continued child benefit allowance (Kindergeld) for disabled children over the age of 25, under certain conditions, if they are unable to care for themselves. Should the disabled person receive income that exceeds €8,004 (in 2010), they will no longer be entitled to this allowance.