Employment Contracts in Greece
Understand what to expect from the system after accepting a position in Greece...
There are a number of legal requirements to be aware of when starting a job in Greece.
Employment involving food preparation or working with children requires a health certificate, issued after passing medical examinations which include a chest x-ray (TB), blood tests (hepatitis B and C, and HIV), a psychiatric evaluation and drug tracing. The candidate must pay for all examinations.
Greek employment law (set forth in the enohikon dikaio/Law of Obligations) establishes the principle of freedom of contract; parties are free to create employment contracts to fit their needs.
Traditionally, employment contracts have been oral, but Presidential Decree 156/94 established the obligation of the employer to notify the employee of the terms that govern the contract or the working relationship. This is done by drawing up and giving employees a written employment contract, which should include the material terms of the contract or the working relationship.
The most common type of work contract in Greece is the full-time contract, with an indefinite duration. Part-time work isn’t common, though seasonal (tourism-based) work can be found in areas frequented by tourists.
Children under 15 years of age are only allowed to work for an industrial business if the only other employees are the employer’s family and if the child’s health is not at risk.