State Pensions in Hungary

Information about the pensions provided by the state in Hungary, and who is eligible…

The Central Administration of National Pension Insurance (Országos Nyugdíjbiztosítási F?igazgatóség) administers state pensions in Hungary.

Disability Pension (Rokkantsági Ellátás)

To be eligible for this pension the applicant must have lost at least 40 percent of their ability to work, have paid social security contributions for at least 1,095 days in the previous five years, not be in receipt of regular payments (for example from investments or pensions), not be capable of any gainful employment, and have little chance of recovery or rehabilitation.

Payment depends on the level of disability (there are four categories) and the average earnings of the claimant. The payment is also capped, depending on the level of disability, as a percentage of the monthly minimum wage. In the least severe category the maximum possible allowance is 45 percent of the minimum wage; in the most severe cases the maximum payment is 150 percent.

Rehabilitation Pension (Rehabilitációs Ellátás)

To be eligible the applicant must have lost at least 40 percent of their ability to work, have paid social security contributions for at least 1,095 days in the previous five years, not be in receipt of regular payments (for example from investments or pensions), not be capable of any gainful employment but be capable of recovery or rehabilitation.

Payment depends on the level of disability (there are two categories) and the average earnings of the claimant. The payment is also capped, depending on the level of disability, as a percentage of the monthly minimum wage. The minimum possible allowance is 30 percent of the minimum wage; the maximum payment is 50 percent.

Old-age Pension (Öregségi Nyugdíj)

The retirement age is changing at the moment, gradually increasing by six months a year, so that people born before 1 January 1952 can retire at 62, whereas those born in 1957 or later cannot retire until 65. At present (2013) the age of retirement is 62 years for both men and women. Claimants need to have at least 20 years of social security contributions to be eligible.

The amount of pension paid depends on the number of years of contributions and the average salary of the claimant; 15 years of contribution entitles a person to 43 percent of their average salary, whereas 50 years of contribution or over entitles the person to 100 percent.

Women are entitled to a pension regardless of age if they have 40 years of contributions, including at least 32 years of work (years spent at home bringing up children are also taken into account).

People working in difficult and unhealthy conditions are entitled to a reduction in their retirement age.

Survivor Pension (Özvegyi Nyugdíj)

If a pensioner, or a person who was eligible for a pension, dies then any dependants are eligible for a pension. The survivor pension is 60 percent of the pension the deceased received.

Old-age pension, survivor pension, disability and rehabilitation benefits are payable abroad.