Indonesia - A Country File

Understand the basics of Indonesia's geography, history, economy and politics at a glance...

The Republic of Indonesia is situated in South East Asia. It is the world's fourth most populous country with an estimated population of around 238 million people. Indonesia's capital city, Jakarta, is the largest city in the country and is located on the island of Java. The population is just over 9.5 million people according to the 2010 census.

Indonesia guarantees the right to practice religion freely, however, it only recognises six official beliefs. The majority religion in the country is Islam with nearly 90 percent of the population being Muslim; other minority faiths are Catholicism, Protestantism, Hinduism, Buddhism and Confucianism.

There are over 300 ethnic groups in Indonesia. The country's official language is Indonesian which is taught in all schools. However, due to the diversity of its inhabitants it is estimated that some 700 local dialects exist including Javanese, Sudanese, Balinese and Madurese.

The county's motto is Bhinneka Tunggal Ika which means 'unity in diversity' or literally 'many, yet one'.