Voting

Information on elections, registering to vote and how to cast your ballot in Luxembourg...

The EU treaty (known as the "Maastricht Treaty") gives every EU citizen the right to vote and stand as a candidate in local, municipal (if applicable) and European Parliament elections in the EU country where they are currently resident, under the same conditions as nationals of that country.

There are three types of elections in Luxembourg:

  1. Local elections
  2. National elections
  3. European (Parliament) elections

Who is Eligible to Vote in Luxembourg

Voting in local, national and European elections is mandatory for Luxembourg nationals.

Those who are not Luxembourg nationals but who are Luxembourg residents and who have enrolled on the electoral register (regardless of nationality) are required to vote in local and, if they are EU citizens, European elections. Non-Luxembourg nationals are not eligible to vote in Luxembourg national elections.

Those who are over 75 years of age, are too ill to vote, live abroad, or those who are out of the country due to justifiable professional or personal commitments elsewhere may vote by absentee ballot through the post. Failure to cast a vote will result in a fine.

Voters must be at least 18 years old on election day in order to be eligible to vote. EU nationals who have been disqualified from voting in their member state of origin are not allowed to vote in any Luxembourg elections.

Before Voting

Non-Luxembourg citizens must register to vote at their local town hall (commune). Non-Luxembourg EU nationals must be resident in Luxembourg for EU elections and five years for local elections before they can register to be included on the electoral roll. Non-EU citizens wishing to be included on the electoral roll to vote in local elections must have been resident in the country for at least five years and must have had a resident permit (autorisation de sejour) and a valid visa for the entire duration of their residency. A cut-off date for registration on the roll is established prior to every election.

Anyone eligible to vote receives their voting card (convocation) from their municipality by post at least five days before the elections. It gives instructions on when and where to vote, confirms the voter's identity and has instructions on how to proceed once at the polling station. An identity card, passport or foreign identity card must be presented at the polling station before voting.

Local Elections (élections communales)

Local elections take place every six years.

In order to vote in local elections, EU nationals must have been resident in Luxembourg on the electoral role for at least five years. Non-EU citizens must also comply with this rule and in addition, must have had a resident permit (autorisation de séjour) and a valid visa for the entire duration of their residency.

Voting in local elections

In local elections, municipalities with fewer than 3,000 inhabitants employ the system of relative majority (or plurality) - each voter has as many votes as there are candidates to elect to the council.

In municipalities with more than 3,000 inhabitants, the system of proportional representation is used. Voters have as many votes as there are seats to fill and can select each candidate individually or use all their votes to elect a particular party/list. In order to choose an entire list, the white circle at the top of the list should be filled in. Otherwise an “x” or “+” should be used to indicate individual choices. Up to two votes can be cast per individual candidate if not voting by list.

Standing in local elections

Only EU nationals who are at least 18 years old and who have not been disqualified from voting or standing as a candidate may stand in local elections. Candidates must have been resident in Luxembourg for at least five years at the time of their application for candidacy and must have been habitually resident for at least six months in the town in which they are submitting an application to run.

National Elections (élections legislatives)

60 members of Parliament are elected every five years. National elections are only accessible to and mandatory for Luxembourg nationals.

Voting in national elections

In national elections each voter has as many votes as there are members to be elected and can select each candidate individually or use all their votes to elect a particular party/list. In order to choose an entire list, the white circle at the top of the list should be filled in. Otherwise a “x” or “+” should be used to indicate individual choices. Up to two votes can be cast per individual candidate if not voting by list.

Standing in national elections

Only Luxembourg citizens who are at least 18 years of age on election day and who are resident in the country can stand at national elections. Candidates may not have been disqualified from voting or standing as a candidate.

European Parliament Elections (élections européennes)

Six Luxembourg representatives are elected for five years to the European Parliament.

Voting in European election is mandatory for any EU citizen included on the electoral roll in Luxembourg. EU-citizens must be resident in the country for a period of at least two years before being included on the electoral roll for European Parliament elections.

EU nationals who, because of their residence outside their home member state or the duration of residence, have no right to vote, are not subject to the residency requirements.

Voting in European elections

In European Parliament elections, each voter has as many votes as there are MEPs to be elected. Voters can select each candidate individually or use all their votes to elect a particular party/list. In order to choose an entire list, the white circle at the top of the list should be filled in. Otherwise an “x” or “+” should be used to indicate individual choices. Up to two votes can be cast per individual candidate if not voting by list.

Standing in European elections

Any Luxembourg or EU-citizen who is at least 18 years of age on election day and who has not been disqualified from voting or standing in an election (from either Luxembourg or their EU member state of origin) can stand at European elections. Candidates must have been resident in Luxembourg for at least five years.