Information on unemployment benefits, amounts, and special allowances for job seekers in Luxembourg...
Job seekers eligible for unemployment benefits must apply for these within 15 days
following the end of an employment contract and after registration
at the employment office has been carried out. They will need to provide the following documents to the employment office:
- Proof of registration with the employment office (carte de présentation)
- Work contract / letter of dismissal
The person in charge (agent-chômage
) of the job seeker's application will provide a number of documents which need to be completed and handed in along with proof of tax paid (fiche de retenue d’impôt
). The application will be examined and the unemployed person will be notified of their eligibility for benefits.
Who may benefit
In order to qualify for any unemployment benefits the person must be resident
in Luxembourg. Cross border workers (travailleurs frontaliers
) who have worked in Luxembourg but live abroad should apply for benefits in their place of residence.
The person must have been employed for at least 26 weeks during the last 12 months prior to registration at ADEM (with at least 16 working hours per week) They must also be available to the Luxembourg labour market and willing to accept any appropriate work.
An employee who has been dismissed or made redundant may be entitled to unemployment benefits, except in the event of dismissal for gross misconduct. To qualify for benefits the person must register at their local unemployment office and be aged between 16 and 64.
An employee may resign without giving a reason. They may use the services provided by the ADEM to look for another job but will not be entitled to unemployment benefits except under exceptional circumstances.
Self-employed individuals who have ended their work activity due to financial, economic or medical reasons, or in the case of force majeure
may qualify for benefits. They must prove that they have been affiliated to a social security organisation for at least two years and be aged between 16 and 64.
Young people under the age of 21 may qualify for unemployment benefits if they have not found work at the end of their full time training or education.
Amount and payment
Luxembourg law distinguishes between unemployment of employees, self-employed people and those aged under 21 who have finished their full time training or education. In order to receive any unemployment allowance the person must be registered at the employment office. Benefits are paid between the 17th and the 20th of the month.
A person who has worked at least 16 hours a week for at least 26 weeks within the last 12 months may receive unemployment benefits. The length of time for which payments are made will depend on the amount of time worked within the last 12 months.
Payments are based on the last three months of salary and are calculated at a rate of 80 to 85 percent (depending on family status) of the reference salary.
Benefits are calculated at a rate of 80 to 85 percent (depending on family status) of income earned within the last two tax years if the person has paid their social charges. If this is not the case, benefits amount to 80 to 85 percent of the minimum salary. They are paid for 12 months within a 24 month period.
Young people between 16 and 21 years old may qualify for unemployment benefits if they register at the employment office within 12 months following the end of training or studies. The age limit may be increased depending on the type of studies undertaken.
Benefits are paid after 26 weeks (or 39 weeks depending on the situation) of consecutive inscription as a job seeker and are calculated at a rate of between 40 and 70 percent of the minimum salary (depending on the person's age). They are paid for 12 months within a 24 month period.
Specific Allowances for Job Seekers
Under certain circumstances, job seekers may be entitled to additional help and allowances. These include:
- Payments to compensate workers who accept employment with a salary inferior to their former salary
- Financial support when creating a business
- Financial support to those who choose to move house for a new job
Websites for Job Seekers in Luxembourg
The ADEM will advertise a number of employment opportunities on their job board. Job seekers will login data and details on how to activate an account.
Job offers are also advertised on the following websites: