Youth Employment in Malta

Information about the work opportunities and regulations for teenagers in Malta...

Students in full-time education are allowed to work from the age of 16 as long as they have written consent from their parents, although younger children can enter work as long as they have more formal authorisation from the Director of Industrial and Employment Relations.

A number of restrictions apply on working hours and conditions for people under the age of 18:

  • The working time during the day should not be longer than eight hours
  • The weekly working time should not exceed 40 hours. This applies even if the young person has more than one job
  • For adolescents aged 16 to 18, no work can be carried out during between 22:00 and 06:00, unless there is a justification that merits an exemption, for example cultural, artistic, sports or advertising activities. For children under the age of 16, there are no exceptions
  • Young workers should have a 30-minute break after four-and-a-half hours work
  • The daily rest (between one working day and another) should be not less than 12 consecutive hours, and 14 hours for children under the age of 16
  • The working schedule must also include two days’ rest each week; this can be consecutive, and in principle should include a Sunday. During school holidays there must be a minimum of 21 work-free days for children under 16

Furthermore, employers of young adults should:

  • Ask for a birth certificate before employing an adolescent person
  • Obtain the written permission of at least one of the adolescent’s parent before employing the adolescent
  • In the absence of a signed contract of employment, the employer must, within eight working days, give to the employee a signed statement listing the conditions of employment agreed with the employee
  • Keep records which include details of the adolescent person, such as name, date of birth, working time and wage

For the employment of children under the age of 16, there are additional restrictions.

Information about youth employment, including current vacancies, is available on Malta's Youth Employment Programme website, which offers job-related advice for people between the ages of 16 and 24. It also has a section for parents helping their children make career and education choices.