Vehicle Roadworthiness in Malta

All vehicles must undergo regular inspection by official test centres to ensure the car is legal and roadworthy with safe emissions. Find out where and how to get a car tested...

It is the responsibility of the owner of a vehicle to ensure it is roadworthy before driving it on the roads in Malta.

The Vehicle Roadworthiness Test

The Vehicle Roadworthiness Test (VRT) ensures that vehicles over a certain age are in a roadworthy condition. Vehicles are inspected at a VRT station licenced by Transport Malta using specialised equipment. Inspections are only valid if they are carried out at a licensed VRT garage.

Vehicles over four years old must pass a compulsory annual Vehicle Roadworthiness Test (VRT), similar to the MoT in the UK, or the Contrôle Technique in France. Vehicles used for transport with more than eight seats and those with a gross weight which exceeds 3.5 tons must also be tested annually.

Taking the Test

A Maltese-registered vehicle will have the due date of the next VRT displayed on the licence disc in the left-hand corner of the windscreen. Tests may be carried out up to 90 days before the licence expires.

The first VRT of a new vehicle should be done when it is first registered in Malta, then on a yearly basis when the vehicle is over four years old. Vehicle owners can check when the next test is due on the Vehicle Licences Online website.

The VRT test must be carried out at one of the authorised technical centres. The vehicle’s number plates and vehicle identification number are checked when bringing the vehicle in for the test.

Frequent reasons for failure:

  • Worn tyre treads
  • Lights not all working
  • Faulty/worn shock absorbers or brakes
  • Faulty wheel alignment
  • Aspects that could impair safely, including the condition of the mirrors, windscreen and wipers, missing seatbelts
  • Noise emissions or CO2 emissions too high
  • Poor suspension
  • Missing spare wheel

Once a vehicle has been tested, a report is sent directly from the VRT station to Transport Malta's Vehicle Licences Online portal within 24 hours.

Assuming a vehicle has successfully passed the test, its owner can then pay any road licence tax due.

Failing the test

If a vehicle fails the VRT, the owner has 16 days to make necessary repairs and have the vehicle re-tested. If all repairs and testing are done within this timeframe, the re-test is free of charge.

After 16 days, however, the original VRT results are deleted from the government system, which means that the owner of the vehicle will have to submit the vehicle for a second VRT at the full price.

Transfer of Ownership

A valid VRT certificate is only required for the transfer of a vehicle if the road licence has expired.