Speed Limits, Types of Road and Penalties

Find out about the types of road and speed limits when driving in the Philippines, as well as details of penalties for parking and drink driving...

Types of Roads

The main types of roads in the Philippines are as follows:

  • National roads are those connecting major cities
  • Provincial roads are those connecting cities and municipalities. They connect National roads to barangays
  • Municipal and city roads are roads within cities or towns. They connect to provincial and national roads
  • Barangay (village or suburb) roads are other public roads within the barangay
  • Expressways are highways with interchanges. Expressways in the Philippines are toll roads. Toll rates vary and payments are made in cash. Electronic payment is an option on some of the major expressways in the country

The following are the main toll roads /expressways found in the Philippines:

  • Manila–Cavite Expressway (Cavitex)
  • North Luzon Expressway (NLEX)
  • Metro Manila Skyway
  • South Luzon Expressway (SLEX)
  • Southern Tagalog Arterial Road (STAR) Tollway
  • Subic-Clark-Tarlac Expressway (SCTEX)
  • Tarlac-Pangasinan-La Union Expressway (TPLEX)

Speed Limits (for cars and motorcycles)

Speed limit signs are not always displayed on the roads, however, the following generally applies:

  • Expressways: 100 km/h
  • National and provincial roads: 80 km/h
  • Through streets or boulevards, clear of traffic: 40 km/h
  • City and municipal roads, with light traffic: 30 km/h
  • Crowded streets, school zones, roads where drivers must pass stationary vehicles: 20 km/h

Parking

Drivers are prohibited to park in any of the following places:

  • At an intersection
  • On pedestrian crosswalks
  • Within five meters of an intersection
  • Within four meters of a driveway entrance and fire stations, clinics, and other similar establishments
  • Within four meters of a fire hydrant
  • In front of a private driveway
  • On the roadway side of any legally parked vehicle
  • At any place where no parking signs have been installed

Illegally parked vehicles may be towed and a fine has to be paid. Towing companies have the right to remove any illegally parked vehicles in their area of jurisdiction. If the owner is present, a parking ticket is given, but the vehicle is not towed. For unattended vehicles, the vehicle must be claimed at the impounding area. The owner is also given a parking ticket.

Drink Driving

In the Philippines, it is against the law for any person to drive a motor vehicle while under the influence of alcohol and/or dangerous drugs. The law limits the permitted blood alcohol level to below 0.05 percent.

A driver caught operating a motor vehicle while under the influence of alcohol or drugs is  fined and may be imprisoned, depending on the gravity of the situation when the driver was apprehended. The driver’s licence is also confiscated and suspended for twelve months for the first conviction, and revoked permanently for the second conviction. Drivers with a professional license lose their license permanently on the first conviction.