Types of Visa in Russia

Details of the type of visa available for entry into Russia…

For nationalities who require a visa to enter Russia, there are different types of single entry visa available, depending on the purpose of the visit and the duration of stay required. There are also options to apply for a double entry visa or a multiple entry visa. All can be applied for at the Russian embassy or consulate in the country of origin, or with the appointed agent in certain countries.

Nationals of some countries require proof of a medical insurance policy to cover the whole stay in Russia. These include Austria, Belgium, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Israel, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal and Spain.

Visa Types

The types of visa available are:

  • Tourist Visa – valid for entry within 30 days of being obtained. Single or double entry available, and the length of stay permitted is as requested (usually 30 days)
  • Private Visa – to visit family or friends; valid for entry within 90 days, and the length of stay permitted corresponds to the invitation
  • Student Visa – valid for entry within 90 days; single or double entry, and the length of stay permitted corresponds with the dates on the invitation
  • Work Visa – valid for entry within 90 days; the length of stay permitted corresponds with the dates on the invitation, either one or three years
  • Transit Visa – valid for a stay of three days for air travel and 10 days for train travel
  • Humanitarian Visa – valid for entry within 90 days; the length of stay corresponds to the invitation
  • Business Visa – valid for entry within 90 days; the length of stay permitted corresponds with the dates on the invitation, for up to one year. Foreign nationals with multiple-entry business visas are allowed to stay for no more than 90 days within each period of 180 days

Except for the transit visa, the terms of all visa types can be extended by up to ten days, provided the total number of days during which the foreign national is in Russia does not exceed 90 days within each 180 day period.

Visa extension is granted only as an exception in extreme circumstances such as hospitalisation, serious health problems or a death in the family. The host organisation or individual must present to the Federal Migration Service (FMS, Federalnaya Migracionnaya Sluzba / ??????????? ???????????? ??????) the passport holding the visa, a new travel ticket with a fixed date of departure, an application for extension of the visa, and a receipt for the paid state fee (this is free for EU citizens).