Vehicle Safety Inspections in Russia

Information on vehicle safety checks in Russia, including what is tested, when inspections are required and where to find a testing station...

From January 2012, a new federal law (No.170) was brought into force regulating technical inspections (technicheskyi osmotr / технический осмотр) for the roadworthiness of a vehicle. For cars older than three years, the technical card (diagnosticheskaya karta / диагностическая карта) issued after this test is part of the requirements for a contract of the compulsory OSAGO insurance policy. Cars under three years old are not required to have this test or card to arrange insurance.

Technical inspections are carried out by commercial companies, known by the law as an ‘operator of technical inspection’ (operator technicheskogo osmotra / оператор технического осмотра), for which a charge is payable to the company.

Parameters tested in these inspections include:

  • Emission measurements
  • Steering wheel regulations
  • Head lights and fog lights
  • Windshield wipers
  • Brake systems, including the parking brake
  • Availability of compulsory equipment: first aid kit, fire extinguisher, emergency triangle sign and a neon reflective vest

There is not yet a law making snow tyres mandatory in Russia in winter.

If something is found that is not within the norm, the driver has 20 days to fix the problem and submit the car for another inspection, limited to checking only the requested issues. The price of this inspection differs in the individual administrative areas of Russia.

Documents required for the inspection are:

  • Proof of identity of the vehicle owner
  • Vehicle registration document, or the technical passport of the car (PTS, ПТС; Pasport Transportnogo Sredstva / Паспорт Транспортного Средства)

After the inspection the operator issues the technical card for the vehicle. For passenger cars older than three years but not over seven years old (including the year of manufacture) the inspection has to be carried out every 24 months. For cars older than seven years (including the year of manufacture), the inspection must be carried out every 12 months. When buying a new or used car, the new owner is obliged to carry out the first technical inspection within 30 days after registration.