Owning a Dog or Cat in Spain

Understand pet ownership requirements, health and well being in Spain...

The standard of Spanish vets is considered to be very high.

The Ministry of Food, Agriculture and the Environment has details on the rules and regulations on 'Importing Pets' into Spain. A maximum of 5 pets can be brought into the country. Dogs, cats and ferrets must be microchipped or have a registration number tattooed into their ear.


All dogs should be given the rabies vaccination and annual rabies booster injections. Other vaccinations are not obligatory, but are strongly recommended. They are the standard vaccinations (and annual booster injection) against Distemper, Hepatitis, Parvovirus, Parainfluenza and Leptospirosis. Some kennels request that a dog be vaccinated for kennel cough (Bordetella Bronchiseptica).

These are the standard vaccinations prepared and given by a vet. The vet records the dose in the dogs health record.

Tick and Flea Treatments and Worming

Ticks and fleas are seasonal and vary depending on the area. Spot-off treatments can be carried out monthly and these are available at vets.

Buying and Owning a Pet

The seller of a domestic animal has to provide the following documents:

  • Sale certificate (Contrato de compra-venta)
  • Microchip number and identity card (Formulario de identificación canina)
  • Vaccination book signed by the vet.
  • Original pedigree document (if applicable)

The new owner of the pet has to:

  • Vaccinate the animal against rabies when the animal is six months old and keep up to date with rabies booster injections. Exported pets without a rabies certificate will have to be quarantined for 20 days. This rule does not apply to pets being brought from the UK, unless they are transported to Spain by road through France.
  • Register the animal at the local municipality (ayuntamiento)
  • There are further regulations for dogs classed as "potentially dangerous"