Bringing Up Toddlers in Thailand

Everything for parents with young children living in Thailand: with information on health matters, child benefits and childcare...

The Thai government regards the health and education of toddlers very highly. As the structure of the Thai family changes, the Ministry of Public Health and the Ministry of Education are constantly working to create better programmes for pre-school children.

Health Matters

When a child is born in Thailand, the obstetrician oversees the birth, ensures vaccinations are administered and signs the child's health record.

The baby has an examination in the first week and then up to six further times in the first year, followed by three examinations during the second year and then an examination every six months during each of the next years up to the sixth birthday. It is typical for vaccinations to be administered at the same time as the examination.

The child's health record notebook will be given to the mother on discharge from the hospital. This may be in Thai or in English if it is an international hospital.

This notebook must be taken to each of the child's medical consultations until they are 18 years of age. The medical examiner will enter the details of any procedure and this will act as a record of full medical history.


Except for the compulsory BCG vaccination to prevent tuberculosis, vaccinations are not obligatory. However, the recommended vaccinations from birth to 16 years old include:

  • Poliomyelitis
  • Measles
  • Mumps
  • Rubella
  • Tetanus
  • Diphtheria
  • Pertussis (whooping cough)
  • Japanese B Encephalitis Vaccine
  • Haemophilus Influenza (HIB)
  • Hepatitis B