Turkey Country File

Understand the basics of Turkey's geography, history, politics, people and economics at a glance...

Turkey is a Eurasian country located in southeast Europe and to the west of Asia. It lies predominantly in Asia with around 97 percent of its landmass on the Anatolian peninsula, and only three percent in East Thrace in Europe.

Turkey has an estimated population in excess of 73 million. The capital city of Turkey is Ankara with around 4.4 million inhabitants. The largest city in the country is Istanbul with an estimated population of 13 million including its surrounding areas.

The official language is Turkish, however Kurdish and Zazaki are also spoken in areas of the country.

Although a secular country, Turkey's main religion is Islam.