Types of Job Contract Available in the UK

The legal basics about the various types of job contract available in the United Kingdom: necessary information and contract types...

In the UK there are a number of contracts:

  • Permanent contract - a permanent position with a company
  • Fixed term contract - the contract has a date specifying when the job will end
  • Probationary contract - sometimes given to people who have just started their job. This can be changed to another contract when the probationary period is over
  • Short term contract - usually for one year, but never for more than two
  • Zero hours contract - does not specify any number of hours that the employee will be required to work. These are common for shop workers who are contracted to work whenever they are asked
  • Key time contract - for people who are guaranteed some work, but not at regular hours

What Information Should a Contract Include?

All employees have a number of basic rights at work. These include the right to holiday pay and a minimum wage. Full details on all the basic rights can be found on the Citizens Advice Bureau website.

By law the written statement or a work contract should include the following:

  • Names of employer and employee
  • Date work started
  • Amount of pay and whether it is to be paid weekly, monthly or otherwise
  • Working hours
  • Holiday entitlements and holiday pay
  • Sick pay entitlements
  • Notice period
  • Job title
  • Work locations
  • Disciplinary, dismissal and grievance procedures in the workplace
  • Information on the employer's occupational pension scheme, if there is one and if the employee may join

The finer points of this information can also be within the company handbook (a guide to the company's own rules and regulations) rather than the employment contract.

Terms of a contract may not be changed by the employer without an employee's agreement.

  • For comprehensive information on employment contracts: Click here