Vehicle Roadworthiness Tests in Vietnam

Information on the roadworthiness test for your car or other motor vehicle in Vietnam...

All privately owned automobiles and commercial vehicles in Vietnam are required to undergo regular vehicle inspections. There are no required roadworthiness tests for motorcycles. Conditions to satisfy the requirements for roadworthiness are different for private cars and for commercial vehicles that are used to transport goods or passengers.

Under the direction of the Ministry of Transport, the Vietnam Register is the government department in charge of administering quality and safety tests for all motor vehicles in Vietnam, as well as the issuing authority for certificates of roadworthiness.

  • Vietnam Register
    At: 18 Pham Hung, My Dinh, Tu Liem District, Hanoi
    Tel: (04) 37684719 / (04) 37684716  
    Fax: (04) 37684779

The rules governing vehicle inspection are set forth in the Ministry of Transport Circular No. 22/2009/TT-BGTVT of October 06, 2009, which specifies the procedures for technical safety and environmental protection inspection of motor vehicles.

  • For an English language translation of this document: Click here

When to Get a Car Tested

Non-commercial cars must be tested for roadworthiness the first time that they are registered in a city or province. Any imported car must be tested at the time of its initial registration, and any car that is produced in Vietnam will need to be tested after it has been in use for 30 months. Any vehicle that has been bought or sold will require testing as part of the requirements for a new registration.

Following the initial testing, vehicles need to be inspected every 18 months. Any inspection required after the initial certification can be done at an authorised inspection centre in Vietnam.

Passenger cars that are more than 15 years old must be inspected every three months, as well as trucks that are more than 20 years old. Cars that are more than 20 years old may not be driven in Vietnam.

Cars licensed for commercial use need to be inspected at the time of the initial registration. They must be re-inspected after the vehicle has been in use for 24 months, and every 12 months thereafter.

  • For more information about inspection schedules from the Vietnam Register: Click here (in Vietnamese)
  • For list of all authorised testing centres in Vietnam from the Vietnam Register: Click here (in Vietnamese)

Documents Required

The first time that a vehicle is inspected, the inspector will need to see:

  • The Vehicle Registration Declaration
  • Proof of Civil Liability Insurance
  • The Quality Certificate, which is provided by the seller of a newly manufactured vehicle, or the Notification of Exemption from Quality Inspection, which is obtained from Vietnam Customs and is required only for imported cars
  • The Certificate of Technical Safety and Environmental Protection of Transformed Motor Vehicles, which is required only for motor vehicles that have been modified from their original manufacture

Subsequent inspections require the following documents:

  • The Vehicle Registration Declaration
  • The Civil Liability Insurance documentation
  • The Technical Safety and Environmental Protection Inspection Book of Motor Vehicles, which is issued at the first inspection
  • The Certificate of Inspection properly affixed to the Inspection Book and imprinted with an official seal appended on both the certificate and the paper of the inspection book
  • The Inspection Stamp issued at the previous inspection attached in an approved manner to the vehicle

The Inspection

The testing inspector examines the registration, licence plate, chassis number, engine number and colour of the vehicle. Other testing nvolves an overall vehicle inspection, as well as testing the suspension, brakes, steering, transmission, headlights, signal lights, seat belts and emissions output.

Fees

The initial inspection fee new passenger cars is VND 160,000, with an additional fee of VND 100,000 for the issuance of the certificate. Subsequent inspections cost VND 100,000, with an additional fee of VND 100,000 for the issuance of the certificate.

After the Inspection

Once the vehicle has passed the roadworthiness tests, a certificate of inspection is issued. The owner is given a stamp that must be attached to the upper right corner of the vehicle’s windscreen.

Inspection book

A Technical Safety and Environmental Protection Inspection Book of Motor Vehicles is also issued after satisfactory completion of the first inspection. This book serves as the motor vehicle's history record and is used for the technical and administrative management and monitoring of the vehicle's operation. Subsequent inspections and their findings are recorded in this book.

The information that is recorded in the inspection book must exactly match the vehicle to which the book is issued, the records of the vehicle that are kept at the inspection unit, and the data on the vehicle that is stored in the Vietnam Register database.

The certificate and the book must be kept with the vehicle and surrendered upon request for inspection by any police officer, inspector or other duly authorised official.

Replacement copies

If the inspection book is lost, the owner must bring the vehicle back to the inspection centre that manages the book and submit the following documents:

  • A written certification of loss made by a police officer
  • The Vehicle Registration Declaration
  • Proof of Civil Liability Insurance
  • The Inspection Stamp issued at the previous inspection, attached in an approved manner to the vehicle

If the inspection book is damaged, torn, modified or requires more pages, the owner must bring the vehicle back to the inspection centre that manages the book and submit the following documents:

  • A written explanation by the vehicle owner
  • The Vehicle Registration Declaration
  • Proof of Civil Liability Insurance
  • The Technical Safety and Environmental Protection Inspection Book of Motor Vehicles, which is issued at the first inspection
  • The Certificate of Inspection properly affixed to the Inspection Book and imprinted with an official seal appended on both the certificate and the paper of the inspection book
  • The Inspection Stamp issued at the previous inspection attached in an approved manner to the vehicle

A replacement inspection book is only issued by the inspection unit that manages the book. The vehicle must pass a new inspection, and the inspection unit needs to verify that the results match the original records, as well as the archived data on the vehicle that is stored in the Vietnam Register database.

If the inspection certificate or stamp is lost, damaged or torn, the owner or driver must bring the vehicle to the inspection unit for re-inspection and re-issuance of the inspection certificate or stamp, along with the documents as required above for a damaged, torn or modified inspection book. In this case, however, a written explanation from the vehicle owner does not seem to be required.